Draft London Conference on Somalia : Draft Communique

Introduction

1. The London Conference on Somalia took place at Lancaster House on 23rd February 2012, attended by around fifty representatives from the international community, and from Somalia itself.

2. We met at a key moment in Somalia’s history. Somalia is emerging from the most critical humanitarian situation in the world, although the famine has ended. The transitional institutions come to an end in August, and Somalis want clarity on what will follow. African troops have established a good measure of security in Mogadishu, and advances by other forces have pushed back Al Shabaab. So we decided how we could support political progress to keep pace with the security gains, and help end the suffering of the Somali people.

3. Decisions on Somalia’s future rest with Somalis. The Somali political leadership must be accountable to the Somali people. The international community’s role should be to facilitate Somalia’s progress and development. We saw our strength in unity, and coordinated support to Somalia.

4. We agreed: to support the revitalisation of the political process; to increase funding for AMISOM and help Somalia develop its own security forces; to support success in building stability at local level; and to tighten the noose around pirates and terrorists. Together we will tackle the symptoms of conflict, and help Somalis address the causes.

Political

5. {Finalise after the IGAD ministerial and Garowe II} We agreed that the transitional Federal Institutions’ mandate must end in August. There must be no further extensions. We welcomed the agreements that have started charting the way towards representative government: the Djibouti Agreement, the Kampala Accord and the Roadmap. We endorsed the priority, expressed in the Garowe Principles, of convening a Constituent Assembly to decide the structures of Somalia’s polity. We emphasised that members of the Constituent Assembly must be chosen by the people of Somalia. We offered to assist by sending experts to Mogadishu. We agreed that elections to a new parliament, and the appointment of a permanent and legitimate government should follow completion of the Constituent Assembly’s work. We would review progress on the Constituent Assembly at the Istanbul Conference in June.

6. We agreed to incentivise progress and act against spoilers, and that we would consider proposals in this regard at Istanbul.

7. We emphasised the urgency of Somalia funding its own public services, and using their assets for the benefit of the people, eradicating corruption. We welcomed the establishment of a Joint Financial Management Board. The Board will increase transparency in the collection and efficient use of revenues, including international aid. We agreed to uphold previously agreed sanctions, and to strengthen controls over

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vessels involved in embargoed trade with Somalia (in line with relevant UN Security Council Resolutions).

8. We agreed that there was no place for foreign terrorists or violent extremism in Somalia. We invited all those willing to reject violence as a political weapon, including those under Al Shabaab, to join the political process. Conference participants agreed to operationalise the Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Rehabilitation programme to assist those who decided to do this.

9. We emphasised that international human rights standards and humanitarian law should be upheld by all in Somalia, including for journalists. We expect the Somali authorities to cooperate with international human rights mechanisms, and all parties to cooperate with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights which monitors the human rights situation and makes recommendations on ways in which the Somali authorities can strengthen accountability for human rights violations and abuses, with the support of the international community.

Security and Justice

10. We agreed that security was a top priority for the Somali people, and essential to a successful political process. Better security could only be achieved sustainably in parallel with better justice.

11. We welcomed the achievements and sacrifices of AMISOM, and expressed gratitude to those countries whose troops had fought so bravely as part of that force. We welcomed the UN/ African Union plan for better coordination of military engagement by the regional powers and Transitional Federal Government. We [welcomed] [emphasised the importance of] the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution xxxx on AMISOM, which will enable AMISOM to expand its mandate to help restore peace and security throughout Somalia, extend its operations beyond Mogadishu, and provide sustainable and predictable funding for it to fulfil its mandate. We encouraged AMISOM to continue to protect civilians as requested by the African Union Peace and Security Council. We encouraged partners to contribute to funding for AMISOM, including through the EU.

12. We emphasised that sustainable security could only be provided by developing Somali security forces under civilian control, including police and coastguard. We reiterated our willingness to assist, including through a greater training role for AMISOM over time.

13. We noted that developing Somalia’s justice system would be critical to Somalia’s ability to deal with the threats to its security. We agreed to help develop Somalia’s judicial capabilities to improve access justice for Somalis and enable the Somali authorities to deal with cases of piracy and terrorism, in line with the Principles at Annex [C]. We agreed to establish an international coordination structure, working alongside the UN, to bring greater coherence and focus to this vital area.

Piracy

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14. We reiterated our determination to tackle piracy, noting that the problem will be solved on land as well as on sea. We remained committed to international military efforts with robust rules of engagement. We encouraged further force generation, including Vessel Protection Detachments. We agreed to coordinate regional maritime capacity-building initiatives better. We called for full implementation of the Djibouti Code of Conduct. We recognised that piracy cannot be solved by military means alone, and reiterated the importance of supporting communities in Somalia in combating piracy and providing jobs, security and basic services.

15. We also welcomed efforts the actions of partners in industry against piracy, and encouraged greater take-up of Best Management Practice (BMPs) on ships. We welcomed the Conclusions from the Conference satellite meeting on piracy.

16. There will be no impunity for pirates. We welcomed new arrangements, which enable some states to transfer pirates captured at sea for trial elsewhere in the region, and if convicted, to transfer them to internationally-certified prisons in Puntland and Somaliland.

17. We reiterated our determination to prosecute the kingpins of piracy: the financiers, the negotiators and the coordinators. We agreed greater international coordination on illegal financial flows, and to coordinate intelligence gathering and investigations. We welcomed the establishment of a Regional Anti-Piracy Prosecutions Intelligence Coordination Centre in the Seychelles. [Possible addition on Financial Action Task Force on Ransoms].

Terrorism

18. Terrorism poses a serious threat to security in Somalia itself, to the region, and internationally. It has inflicted great suffering on the Somali population. We agreed to work together with greater determination to build capacity to disrupt terrorism in the region. We reiterated our determination to prevent the movements of terrorists to and from Somalia. We agreed to disrupt terrorist finances and reiterated support for the Financial Action Task Force’s efforts to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism in the region. We also emphasised the importance of safer giving, to safeguard against the diversion of humanitarian funds for terrorist causes. We noted that effective intelligence gathering and investigation, and support to the Somali criminal justice system, were critical to the fight against terrorism. This should be done without hindering humanitarian activity.

Stability and Recovery

19. We welcomed the success in some areas of Somalia in establishing local areas of stability, and agreed to increase support for such areas. We agreed that such efforts should promote local and regional cohesion, and converge with the national political process: each level of government should have clearly-defined responsibilities. We agreed to expand programmes to newly-recovered areas.

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20. We agreed that we would provide support where there were accountable local administrations, and efforts to promote stability. We would focus support on enabling the delivery of immediate benefits to ordinary Somali people: safety and security, economic opportunities and basic services. We would promote effective and accessible local administrations, and support resolution of disputes.

21. We agreed to establish a Stability Fund to help finance local stability work, which x donors indicated they would contribute to; and we endorsed a set of principles to govern this activity Annex [E].

22. We noted that stability was a prerequisite for many investments in infrastructure. We looked forward to further discussion on reconstruction and economic development at the Istanbul Conference.

23. The Conference was preceded by a separate meeting on humanitarian issues co-chaired by the United Nations and the United Arab Emirates. Notwithstanding the end of the famine, participants expressed concern at the humanitarian situation, and committed to providing humanitarian aid based solely on need. They agreed a set of conclusions on humanitarian issues (set out in a separate document).

International coordination

24. We agreed that in reinvigorating our efforts to support Somalia, we would need mechanisms to carry the work forward. We noted that the International Contact Group on Somalia (ICG) would continue to provide a forum for agreeing international community positions. [ We welcomed the ICG’s decision to establish working groups on the political process, security and justice, and stability and development.] We noted that, within the ICG, a core group would play a particular role in driving forward progress in support of the UN.

25. We welcomed the efforts of the Special Representative of the Secretary General and the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) in facilitating progress in Somalia. We encouraged effective coordination between UN entities working on Somalia. We also encouraged effective cooperation between the SRSG and other special representatives to the region. We welcomed UNPOS’ re-location to Mogadishu and agreed that we would all spend more time in Mogadishu and other Somali cities to work more closely with Somalis on the challenging tasks ahead.

Conclusion

26. We expressed the hope that a new era of Somali politics, supported by the international community, will bring peace to Somalia. We are determined to place the interests of the Somali people at the heart of all our actions. We looked forward to the day when the situation in Somalia would have made sufficient progress for an international conference to be held there. In the meantime, we will redouble our efforts to support the people of Somalia in their search for a better future for their country.

London, 23 February 2012